Cómo la UE está abordando los desafíos de los derechos fundamentales en 2023. Apoyo específico para los refugiados, abordando la pobreza infantil y el odio, y protegiendo los derechos digitales

El Informe de derechos fundamentales de la Agencia de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea (FRA) para 2023 proporciona un análisis exhaustivo de los avances y las deficiencias en la protección de los derechos humanos en toda la UE en 2022. Implicaciones de la agresión contra Ucrania en…

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Italia, un caso de prueba de la eficacia de los procedimientos de infracción contra el Estado miembro más intransigente – europeantimes.news

El Tratado Fundacional de Roma de 1957 facultó a la Comisión Europea, como guardiana del Tratado, a iniciar procedimientos de infracción contra los Estados miembros por la supuesta violación de sus obligaciones en virtud del Tratado. Además, disponía que cuando el Tribunal de Justicia establecía el incumplimiento de una…

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Religious freedom is a necessary condition for democratic life
Religious freedom is a necessary condition for democratic life

Modern national and international law raises this primordial freedom to the rank of a fundamental one. Freedom of conscience and religion is essential for spiritual development, personal or social. Every religious association – traditional or new, majority or minority, institutional or alternative – has the right to this freedom, as well as the obligation to respect it.

Freedom of conscience and religion gives everyone the right to believe, not to believe and to change their faith, as well as to express it, to practice their own personal beliefs. It provides every human being with the right to orient his behavior and to lead a way of life corresponding to his religious beliefs in a broad sense, ie. every form of man’s relationship with the divine, respectively the transcendent. This freedom, in order to be expressed collectively, contains the right to associate in accordance with the laws of each country.

The freedom of each finds its limits in the freedom of the other, a pluralistically religious society must guarantee religious peace. To find that modus vivendi (way of behaving) that applies justice, eliminates discrimination and imposes a high responsibility on social actors in life: public authorities, civil society, religious communities, as well as those belonging to the cultural and historical heritage, as well as religious traditions of more recent origin and new religious movements.

In a spirit of tolerance, society embraces religious difference and diversity. Every religious community, traditional or newly established, has the right to see its ideas and initiatives honestly presented and without distortion, stigmatization and defamation. And if a religious group reveals its religious, social and financial life and activities, then other public actors must limit the incrimination of the same with offensive generalizations or negative allusions.

The path of interreligious dialogue is the right one to overcome all fears between the individual established by history religious communities and those that have recently appeared on the religious scene. Conducted in respect for the beliefs of the other and for loyalty to one’s own religious beliefs, such a dialogue does not preclude mutual criticism; it paves the way for a peaceful coexistence, providing appropriate conditions for finding solutions to the tensions and contradictions inherent in religious difference.

The ancient traditions of religious tolerance and interreligious dialogue in cooperation use modern spiritual levers through:

     a) creation of favorable conditions for active participation in the cultural life and realization of cultural-educational initiatives;

     b) improving the organizational capabilities, efficiency and sustainability of the Orthodox centers, the development of cultural and religious tourism and good economic practices;

(c) raising awareness and attracting the public interest in achieving a non-violent civil order, lobbying and advocacy campaigns in the field of religious tolerance and interreligious dialogue in accordance with international humanitarian law and human rights instruments.

They can achieve these goals by the following means:

      (a) mobilization of public and private resources for the implementation of charitable campaigns, establishment of scholarships and targeted awards;

      b) preparation and management of projects for financing under national and European programs and other donors;

      (c) disseminating information and promoting good practice;

d) participation in scientific events, discussion forums, research and analytical materials;

      e) cooperation and joint activity with academic, non-governmental, state organizations and institutions.

People of different nationalities and religions can live in peace. First a purely human understanding is reached, then the problems are solved. This is how the Christian works. In the understanding and sympathy between people of different nationalities and religious communities there is always some divine element, a sense of peace coming from above. Any dialogue between people of different faiths could develop on a good basis – the similar requirements for integrity and correctness that we encounter in different religions. This would create trust and tolerance. And at the heart of Buddhism are good norms of human behavior: abstinence from bad desires and violence, not to lie, swear and gossip. The Jewish religion forbids murder, adultery, theft, and lying – in the realm of morality, Judaism and Christianity draw from one treasury – the Old Testament. According to Islam, everyone should do good, be honest, praise the love of truth, the need for unity among people, mutual forgiveness and giving alms. God does not wish evil on the people we call non-Christians, and they are dear to him – when they do good, it proves that God guides their conscience. Thus our duty is this: not to fight with anyone, to pray for both friends and enemies, so that we do not remain blind to the beauty of another’s soul.

Gypsies from Bulgaria have been arrested for exploiting children in Thessaloniki
Gypsies from Bulgaria have been arrested for exploiting children in Thessaloniki

Eight Bulgarian Roma were arrested in the northern Greek city of Thessaloniki on 18th of June and accused by a prosecutor of exploiting their children and endangering them, Kathimerini’s online edition reported.

According to the accusations, they forced the children to beg on the streets of Thessaloniki, look for food in the garbage and used their profits to gamble in a casino in Bulgaria. The arrests came after a four-month investigation by the city’s organized crime unit.

The case involves the exploitation of eight children under the age of 11.

Earlier this year, a group for human trafficking from Bulgaria to France was broken up.

The specialized prosecutor’s office monitored pre-trial proceedings against a criminal association operating in Bulgaria and abroad. The purpose of the association, in addition to self-interest, is to coordinate the commission of crimes in the country – under Article 159b of the Penal Code, which provides for imprisonment for more than three years, according to the prosecutor’s office (prb.bg).

In the course of the investigation, the Ministry of Interior – Directorate for International Cooperation, received information that the authorities in France have in the meantime established the existence of an illegal settlement with about 150 inhabitants, self-accommodated in temporary buildings in the area of ​​the stadium “Municipal” in Toulouse. They were engaged in begging.

In the framework of international cooperation, the Bulgarian authorities have been informed that an organized criminal group has been established in Paris, dealing with trafficking of Bulgarian citizens to France for the purpose of begging, which will take place in the city of Toulouse. In this regard, the French police detained ten Bulgarian citizens on suspicion of organizing and exploiting other Bulgarians who, after coercion, begged on the streets of Toulouse.

More than 30 Bulgarian citizens residing on the territory of France, who have become victims of the criminal group, have been identified in the case. Most of them were people with physical disabilities, and their recruitment was carried out on the territory of Bulgaria. The victims are mostly from villages in the municipalities of Dolni Dabnik and Iskar, Northern Bulgaria.

In the case of the Specialized Prosecutor’s Office, evidence was also collected for committed secondary crimes – recruitment and transportation of individuals in order to be used for sexual exploitation.

From the evidence gathered in the case conducted in France, it is established the complicity of five persons – Bulgarian citizens, to whom in the investigation of the Specialized Prosecutor’s Office there was evidence of their participation in an organized criminal group engaged in trafficking and exploitation of persons for begging. Bulgaria for France in the period from 2015 to the present. In the conditions of art. 479 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the pre-trial proceedings were transferred to France, where the persons were convicted by the court in Toulouse.

Zelensky set conditions for Russia to open Russian schools in Ukraine
Zelensky set conditions for Russia to open Russian schools in Ukraine

Volodymyr Zelenskyy told RIA Novosti that Russian schools in Ukraine will appear only if Ukrainian ones are opened in Russia. He spoke about this in an interview with foreign media, the text of which was published by the press service of the president’s office.

“They ask me how to solve the problem with schools, with languages? I say: you just need to respect each other, and everything will be fine,” the Ukrainian leader explained.

He stressed that there are many private schools in Ukraine, for example, English, and in the future there will be Hungarian ones.

“If you want a Russian school, let’s open a Ukrainian school in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tyumen, where many Ukrainians live. This is called a“ povaga, ”Zelensky concluded.

The language law in Ukraine was adopted in April 2019. It obliges to communicate exclusively in Ukrainian in almost all spheres of life: in government bodies, schools, universities and hospitals, in shops and cafes, in courts, the army, the police, during the election campaign and referendums. An exception was made only for private communication and religious rituals.

All Russian-language schools in Ukraine have switched to teaching in Ukrainian since September 1, 2020. According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 125 state Russian-language schools, as well as 43 private schools, functioned in the country at the end of the 2019 academic year (cf. Gabrielyan, A.M. Native language in the sphere of secondary education in Crimea as a reflection of the linguistic picture of the peninsula // Humanitarian paradigm. 2018. No. 4 [7] p. 15–32.)

On the other hand in Crimea, there are 15 general educational organizations with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction (224 classes, 4258 students) and one school with the Ukrainian language of instruction (9 classes, 144 students).

Schools of Crimea with the study of native languages ​​and teaching in languages ​​other than Russian According to the Ministry of Education, Science and Youth of the Republic of Crimea [3], in the 2017-2018 academic year, 196.5 thousand children were enrolled in 527 municipal educational institutions of the Republic of Crimea. Of these, 5.6 thousand (3%) are in the Crimean Tatar language, 318 students (0.2%) are in Ukrainian. In the 2017-2018 academic year in Crimea, there were 15/162 educational organizations with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction – 202 classes, 3753 students. On the basis of general educational institutions with Russian as the language of instruction, classes with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction have been opened (in 31 schools there are 133 classes, 1879 students).

In educational institutions of the Republic of Crimea, the study of the following native languages ​​is organized in various forms: – Crimean Tatar – 21.6 thousand students, – Ukrainian – 10.6 thousand students, – Armenian – 97 students, – Bulgarian – 73 students, – Greek – 343 pupils (of whom 94 pupils study as a native, 249 study as a second foreign language), – German – 58 pupils.


Probably no one paid attention to Edward L. Bernays – the author of the book “Propaganda”, which explains completely freely how the world is governed today. If you don’t know him, he is the reason the United States entered World War I. To do this, someone has to provoke the country, and since a sunken ship with several Americans on board is the only thing that psychologists can think of, very soon Bernays – nephew of Sigmond Freud, with the help of a friend journalist, began to inflate the situation to make Americans want war on their own. Isn’t that weird? It is enough to draw a dividing line and watch the two sides enter into a fierce battle. Whether it is war, ideology, sexuality, even religion, the important thing is to have an enemy.

Most likely the enemy at the moment is the approaching Pride, where they talk about each other again, about some crazy division, which most of the time we don’t even remember when and where it is. Of course, this topic is so controversial, that even those who do not want to have anything to do with either side are quick to get involved. Again, it is enough to draw the dividing line and find yourself in enemy fire. That is exactly why we will not comment and we will not look for the sensation – many other people have tried to do that there is simply nothing more to say. Let’s pay attention to the idea for every 3rd.

The situation is so delicate that the only and best that can be provided in this regard is the use of facts. We suspect that you were not unfamiliar with the idea of ​​the Istanbul Convention, for every third and fourth woman – a victim of sexual or violence in general, as well as many additional deviations in the vast study. For the normal and reasonable person, there is a very serious question: if four people are standing at the same table and no one has resorted to violence, what should that mean? Anyone lying? For many, it can be extremely frightening, especially since we have many more than four friends.

Somewhere historically, this line and this phenomenal statistic have been drawn, which today circulates and repeats itself as an axiom. Such a statement can be considered offensive and even frightening, especially for males. If this is true, then we must assume that human evolution is not just going backwards, but that we will soon be running with the bats and waiting for the beloved to come out of the darkness to condemn feelings through brain trauma.

In 2013, the definition changed to carnal contact with a woman who did not give her consent. Many are dissatisfied because the statistics exist only with the given information. Here we refer to the reported cases. Contradictions usually occur. A number of feminist movements claim that the victims refuse to seek protection and the statistics are manipulated, the study itself is wrong and many others. Where does the idea for every 3rd woman come from?

To this end, we must turn our attention to Professor Mary Kos, an active feminist and professor of psychology at the University of Kent. In 1982, he argued that rape was an extreme act that went hand in hand with normal male behavior in society. In other words, the man is not only capable of doing it, but will not even accept it as something so special. The woman was invited to do research on sexual assault at US universities, and after lengthy analysis, she concluded that 27.5% of women there had been victims. There is one detail, one of all the questions is the following:

“Did you have sexual intercourse when you didn’t want to because your husband offered you alcohol or drugs?”

Based on this answer, it is concluded that more than 1/4 of the participants were raped. Of course, after the results are released, most of the respondents do not agree with this statement, at the same time about 3/4 of the participants even state that they are currently living or meeting with their rapist. The magic spell has been launched into the universe and has officially become the slogan of a number of other studies, feminist organizations and more. Few even inquired about the origin of this claim, especially since, statistically speaking, rape automatically shifts leftists, alcoholism, and heart attacks. Thanks to Mary Kos, every time a lady goes out on a date and is treated to a drink and overcomes her sexual worries, she is officially on the list of victims, the same goes for the men who commit this act – for them it is the category of evil. Therefore, we have the line drawn and we start counting the purchased alcohol.

In Canada, we will find that the situation becomes even more complicated because, according to the Minister of Women’s Affairs – apparently there is such a ministry in Canada – the statement for every third or fourth (variations are accepted) is not based on analytical data and statistics, but on the perception of the woman for sexual violence, in which elements such as staring at a woman, whistling after a woman, possibly smiling at a woman, etc. are present, ie this includes any possible behavior that can be counted on assault on sex and sexual freedom by the victim.

At the same time, we find that the refusal of any communication, including greetings, can lead to the rejection by society of the perception of a man as rude, arrogant and many others. To support the idea of ​​this statement, in which few even think, we are ready to destroy the social world as such. It’s not that hard to achieve, think about what exactly the law is doing right now. Gender and racial equality is now not only lost, but constantly strengthened. There is substitution with eternal sacrifice and eternal oppressor, and the role of the court does not seek to judge correctly, but simply to continue to create conflict and to redraw the border over and over again.

Thus, not only do we discover some crazy ideas, but also a change in legislation. We immediately cite France as an example, where no employer wants to hire a person legally, for a number of reasons. Every employee has the right to come to work later, to sleep at work, to call that he is ill every Monday and has no right to be fired without going through a long and complicated legal dispute.

It is enough to add chronic depression, back pain, alcoholism and many other similar elements to recognize his disability and to be released with huge compensation.

So far so good, but do you have any idea what happens if an employee says they will sue their employer for sexual harassment? The number of lawyers who are happy to deal with the case completely free of charge is impressive. Such a statement, including a smile, a look or a conversation without a third party, will officially lead to the company’s bankruptcy. The freedom to count every human look or smile not only paints a rather insane picture, but also guarantees us antisocial relationships forever.

The little woman who started the big war
The little woman who started the big war

210 years since the birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe

Every child who has started reading knows her name. Because she is the author of one of the most beloved children’s novels – “Uncle Tom’s cabin”. Her name is Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe – an American writer, mother of many children, free-thinking person and fighter against the slavery of colored people in America. Lincoln called her “the little woman who started the great war.”

She is emancipated and courageous, and no one suspects that she has struggled with anxiety throughout her conscious life. She died mentally ill. On June 14 this year It is 210 years since the birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe. She was born on this day in 1811. He is the author of more than 30 books in various genres, many essays, poems, articles and anthems.

Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Lichfield, Connecticut, to a pastor. Her mother, Roxana Beecher, died when she was just five. Her father, Calvinist preacher Lyman Beecher, had a total of 13 children from two marriages. 11 of them survive to adulthood. From his marriage to Roxana Beecher, he had eight children – two girls and six boys. Lyman Beecher openly preached against slavery. All seven of his sons followed him on this mission. One of his sons, Henry Ward Beecher, even became directly involved in the abolitionist movement in Nebraska and Kansas and sent them weapons hidden in Bible boxes.

At 25, he married the widowed husband of his girlfriend, Calvin Ellis Stowe, also a teacher. For the first few years, they lived in poverty, but Harriet was respected for her husband’s culture, although some of her biographers later suggested that she “knew languages ​​and nothing else.”

Raised in a large family where the children share and help, Harriet also wanted her husband to have many children. In 14 years she has given birth to seven children and takes care of the home so that her husband can do his job in peace. She herself does not allow the care of the children to hinder her growth as a person. Meanwhile, cholera took the life of one of her children at an early age. Little Samuel, her sixth child, died of cholera in 1849.

This tragic event crushed her – she suffered the loss badly, but she had to accept God’s will and not to shake her faith. She found solace in home care and intellectual pursuits. You were constantly setting new goals. Together with her sister, they wrote a textbook on geography – “Geography for children”.

Her first publications were in a magazine. He began publishing his short stories and essays in a magazine, and even won a literary award from the Western Montley Shop. In 1843 he published his first book, Mayflower, after the Puritan settlers in America. In 1850, her husband Calvin Stowe received an offer of a professorship in Maine, and the family moved there.

In the same year, the US Congress passed a law against the escape of slaves and against the citizens who assisted them. Civil protests begin. Outrage is rising in many states in America.

It was then that Stowe’s idea for the novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” was born.

Harriet Beecher Stowe already had a name after the positive response to her publication “The Freeman’s Dream: A Parable”, for which she received as much as $ 100 from the editor of “The National Era” newspaper. , The National Era paid Stowe a fee of $ 300 for the 43 chapters of Uncle Tom’s Cottage, published on March 20, 1852, and sold 10,000 copies in the first week alone. By the end of the same year, another 300,000 had been sold, and there was even more interest in the work in the United Kingdom, where 1.5 million copies of the book had been sold in one year. Stowe received ten cents for each piece sold. According to an article in the London Times, published six months after the publication of the novel, in that period alone the writer already had more than 10 thousand dollars in copyright.

“We think this is the largest amount a writer has ever received, whether American or European, from selling a single work in such a short period of time,” the newspaper said.

“Uncle Tom’s Cabin” is being translated all over the world. It is translated into 40 languages. Among these translations, there were some that were not authorized. Stowe filed a lawsuit against the publisher of the Philadelphia-based German-language newspaper, the Free Press, FW Thomas.

Her income from “Uncle Tom’s Cottage” allowed her to buy a winter house in 1867 in Mandarin, Florida. Some point to a fact about this property, namely that the mansion was maintained by slaves before the writer bought it, and consider it paradoxical. She herself viewed this fact in a completely opposite way – that the energy of this place, created by the labor of the people for whose rights she, her brothers and father fought, deserves to be inhabited by people like her, not by slaveholders. For her, the mansion was something of a symbol of victory over slavery. Point of view.

The most glorious moment in the writer’s life was her meeting in the White House with President Abraham Lincoln, in the first days of the Civil War – in 1862. He greets her kindly, and notes with sympathy her small stature with an ingenious joke: “So you are the little woman from whom the great war began!”. According to some sources, the exact phrase is, “So this is the little woman who got us into this great civil war,” but anyway, the meaning of both expressions is the same. Their meeting was friendly.

The novel, the comments about him and the meeting with the president turn the writer into a celebrity. She receives invitations from many publications to work for them. Harriet Beecher Stowe became the most famous woman in America. Everyone admires her courage.

The Netherlands is starting to pay compensation to the victims of Srebrenica
The Netherlands is starting to pay compensation to the victims of Srebrenica

The Potocari Commission has opened an office in Sarajevo for potential plaintiffs

The Netherlands begins paying compensation to the families of victims of the Srebrenica massacre.

The Potocari Compensation Commission opened an office in Sarajevo for potential plaintiffs, and its website is open to reports from family members of people killed after being taken away by a Dutch peacekeeping base in Potocari, near Srebrenica, in July 1995. , reports BIRN.

However, some relatives of the victims refused to file a lawsuit because they were dissatisfied with the legal agreement imposed by a Dutch court, according to which the country should not reimburse all legal expenses incurred by the families concerned.

On July 11, 1995, when the Republika Srpska army occupied Srebrenica, Dutch security forces in the UN-controlled area did not prevent the genocide. More than 7,000 men and boys were killed.

In 2019, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands ruled that the state was responsible to a very limited extent for the deaths of approximately 350 victims. This concerns a group of men taken from the base of the Dutch battalion in the late afternoon of 13 July 1995. According to the Supreme Court, the battalion acted illegally because it knew that male Srebrenica refugees could be attacked or killed, but even if left at the base, they had only a 10% chance of survival.

Accordingly, the closest relatives of these 350 victims can hold the Netherlands responsible for 10% of the damage. Earlier, the Court of Appeal in The Hague ruled that the responsibility of the Dutch state was 30%, so the “Mothers of Srebrenica” referred the case to the European Court of Human Rights. They hope that the court in Strasbourg will return the level of responsibility to 30%, although their lawyer Simone van der Sluis believes that the chances are small.

Widows of survivors or first-generation relatives can also file multiple lawsuits. For example, in the case when a woman loses both her husband and her son. The amount of compensation under this regulation is EUR 15,000 for widows and EUR 10,000 for other surviving relatives.

Former Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic has lost his appeal against a 2017 sentence for genocide and crimes against humanity.

UN court upholds Ratko Mladic’s life sentence for his role in the 1995 killing of some 8,000 Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) men and boys in Srebrenica.

US President Joe Biden welcomes the sentence of the former Bosnian Serb military leader.

“This historic sentence shows that those who commit horrific crimes will be held accountable,” the president said in a statement.

In Montenegro, a minister was fired for denying the Srebrenica genocide
In Montenegro, a minister was fired for denying the Srebrenica genocide

The Montenegrin parliament adopted a resolution on the 1995 Srebrenica genocide and fired Justice Minister Vladimir Leposavic, who denied it was an “unequivocally established” fact.

The adopted document prohibits the public denial of the committed crimes, Balkan Insight reports.

The resolution condemns the Srebrenica genocide, in which Bosnian Serb forces killed about 8,000 men from the Muslim community. It is noted that Montenegro, which is taking a step, is expressing its commitment to the protection of human rights as part of its European integration process.

The ruling pro-Serbian Democratic Front party voted against the resolution and boycotted parliament, which could affect the government’s stability, the statement said.

The country’s Prime Minister Zdravko Krivokapic started a procedure for the removal of Vladimir Leposavic in April, which is why the Democratic Front demanded his resignation and demanded a new coalition agreement.

The Srebrenica enclave, which was declared a “security zone” by the UN Security Council in April 1993, was seized by the Bosnian Serb army in July 1995. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia found that between 7,000 and 8,000 Bosnian Muslims were killed. The investigation established that the killings were carried out by the Republika Srpska Army under the command of General Ratko Mladic.

Thousands of Bulgarians facing deportation from Britain over Brexit
Thousands of Bulgarians facing deportation from Britain over Brexit

More than 15,000 Bulgarian citizens have been denied residence

Brexit could end in deportation for thousands of Bulgarians living on the island. The deadline to settle their status in the UK expires in three weeks.

Certainly, after July 1, Bulgarians who cannot prove their right to live in Britain will have serious problems.

To date, 258,000 Bulgarian nationals have received permission to continue living, working and studying in the Kingdom. 15,000 were refused. The situation raises fears of mass deportation of Bulgarians after July 1, bTV reports.

After this date, schools in the UK are required to notify the Home Office if they suspect that students or their parents are not allowed to live on the Island.

Another problem is the fact that this year the personal documents of tens of thousands of Bulgarians expire. According to our ambassador in London Marin Raykov, administrative services for nearly 200,000 Bulgarians, as much as the population of Burgas, are provided by the available only 10 employees in the consular office of the embassy. The first free hour for replacement of documents in the service is after 6 months.

Citizens from central and eastern Europe most vulnerable to deportation in post-Brexit Britain.

Racism towards citizens from the poorest Member States influenced Britain’s pre-Brexit deportations and could impact post-Brexit practice, warns the BRAD project.

CEEU citizens were most targeted, partly due to their negative image, and because they often couldn’t afford immigration lawyers.

“There was a representational pattern in the pro-Leave media of the ‘Vile Eastern European’ – the criminal coming to the United Kingdom from the ‘new Member States’, who is a threat to public security and moral order with his innate criminality,” says research fellow Agnieszka Radziwinowiczówna. With support from the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme, Radziwinowiczówna analysed pro-Leave and pro-Remain British press, Polish media, deportation regulations and policy.

“Freedom is important. When people choose what they want, it’s good for them and for us!”
“Freedom is important. When people choose what they want, it’s good for them and for us!”

The above quote is from the former president of Iran from the 90s of the last century, Hashemi Rafsanjani, before his death was called the “great king” of politics in Iran because of his influence on it, said something extremely simple, but at the same time more and more  complicated when it comes to the country in question.

Ebrahim Raisi’s victory in the presidential election embodies, above all, that of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and the associated revolutionary institutes in the Islamic Republic. Raisi, a former prosecutor and chief judge of the country’s Supreme Court, is widely seen as Ali Khamenei’s future successor, and the presidential institution as a springboard to the ayatollah’s seat. Ali Khamenei himself was the country’s president in the 1980s during the rule of Islamic Republic founder Ruhollah Khomeini.

And although Raisi lost the previous presidential election in 2017 to incumbent President Hassan Rouhani (by almost 20% or 8 million), this time the mullahs’ regime did not take any risks and paved the way for its favorite to the presidency. This was done through the Board of Trustees, a body whose job description is to assess the suitability of candidates for elective positions as to whether they are doctrinably exemplary under Islamic Republic law. This institute disqualified any candidate who could actually be a competitor to Raisi (from the pragmatically conservative Ali Larijani to the reformer and incumbent Vice President Eshak Jahangiri).

As an attempt to mimic the choice given, the Board of Guardians admitted Abdulnaser Hemati, among several other figures, to the race. Being a technocrat, Hemati is unattractive and relatively unknown; he also became an easy target for the country’s hardliners in the run-up to the election, as Hemati was head of the Central Bank of Iran, which has to do with the devaluation of the local rial. With the technocrat’s admission to the election, the mullahs’ regime did something unique: it designed not only who to win, but also against whom to win their favorite.

Hemati’s participation in the election provided two options for reformers and moderate voters in the country: whether to support him with their vote or not to vote at all. Despite calls from reformers such as Mehdi Karubi and Mohammad Khatami for people to go out and vote, most moderate and reform-minded voters chose to stay home, refusing to legitimize the way the regime censored their electoral options.

There was an outflow of voters in the last parliamentary elections in 2020, when the Board of Trustees also did not allow a number of prominent figures to run for the Mejlis, which is why the hardliners won an easy and convincing victory.

Two things apply to the presidency, which constructs both the executive branch and the Majlis in Iran. One is that they – although not always – serve as a vent for the electorate against the regime, because the principle of these institutions is based on the electoral principle. That is why the presidency of the Islamic Republic was won by candidates who are against the regime’s favorites (such as Mohammad Khatami and Hassan Rouhani), and the 2020 Majlis elections edited the current majority of moderates and reformers. The second relevant thing about these institutions, however, is that they do not actually have the kind of power that a presidency (without a prime minister) and a parliament in a republic assume. It is on the basis of the latter that Raisi’s victory in the presidential election will not actually bring about any changes in Iran’s foreign policy. There are three main reasons for this.

Once upon a time, because the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran, Pasdaran, remains the absolute holder in the formation and implementation of the country’s security and foreign policy in the most important regions for Iran (parallel to the fact that Pasdaran is increasingly emerging as a conglomerate with significant economic assets in the country). In protest, although he did not resign, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif resigned two years ago. With President Raisi and the number one diplomat appointed by him, there will be no friction between the country’s foreign ministry and Pasdaran.

Secondly, because Iran’s diplomatic corps is often surrounded by Ayatollah Khamanei’s special envoys (Ali Larijani – for China, Ali Velayati – for Russia; Kamal Harazi – for Germany, etc.).

Third, because important decisions in the country’s foreign policy, including reflecting neighboring departments such as national security and defense, are voted on by the Supreme National Security Council (SJC), in which the foreign minister is only one of 12 (in some cases 13) the member, and the decisions of the SJC shall enter into force after approval by the Ayatollah. However, the President of the country, who has a quota of ministers in this body, is also a voice in the SJC. Therefore, the figure of the president, although not structurally decisive, given that it is blocked by other institutions, the president is not insignificant.

For example, the current Iranian government, led by President Hassan Rouhani, has advocated dialogue with the West and Iran’s economic cooperation with the world. However, Hassan Rouhani’s efforts in these directions were systematically torpedoed by Pasdaran and finally sunk by the US withdrawal from the Nuclear Deal, which led to the resumption of old and the introduction of new sanctions against Tehran. Against this background, Rouhani himself failed to fight for the expansion of civil rights in the country, and the crisis with Kovid – 19 complicated the already complicated by the sanctions situation with the country’s economy.

And this whole set of circumstances has led to widespread frustration among those people in Iran who want to inject them with less ideology and a more decent income. This meant that Ibrahim Raisi could have won this election without relying on the arbitrariness of the revolutionary institutions. Precisely because of the frustration and low mobilization to vote among moderate and reform-oriented voters.

With the victory of Ibrahim Raisi in the presidential election, Ali Khamenei has secured a trusted person to propose the next composition of the government, in which the spaces for points of view other than dogmatic-revolutionary ones will be further narrowed. And in the long run, the main candidate to replace him in the most important position in the country as Iran’s supreme leader. Competitive advantages Raisi’s CV includes things like that he is aware of the regime’s dark secrets (from the seizure of property by people after the 1979 revolution, through his role as a prosecutor in the executions of political prisoners, to the current financial flows around the various religious foundations associated with the ayatollah) and has already been sanctioned by the United States.

Meanwhile, the ayatollah and Pasdaran have lost something convenient for them: the opportunity to blame the moderate government of Rouhani as to blame for any failure of the country’s economic and social systems. Now the mullah regime will have to find another scapegoat.

Neither the appeals from the mosques in Friday prayers nor the television instructions of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei helped. According to preliminary information, the turnout in yesterday’s presidential election in Iran was record low for the standard high in the country (official data will be announced later).

A French “sister” of the Statue of Liberty leaves for the United States
A French “sister” of the Statue of Liberty leaves for the United States

The work is based on a 3D digitization of a plaster model from 1878, used by sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi to build the Statue of Liberty, donated by France to the United States in 1886.

A French “sister” of the Statue of Liberty in New York left for the United States, world agencies report.

The scale model of the sculpture is bronze, with a height of 2.83 meters. It was leased for 10 years to the French Embassy in the United States by the National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts. Since 2011, the statue has been at the entrance of the Museum of Arts and Crafts in Paris.

The work is based on a 3D digitization of a plaster model from 1878, used by sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi to build the Statue of Liberty, donated by France to the United States in 1886 on the occasion of the centenary of their independence and became a of the symbols of the country. Gustave Eiffel, the creator of the Eiffel Tower, was also involved in the design of the internal structure of the monument.

The French little “sister” of the Statue of Liberty is transported in a sarcophagus, which is placed in a container equipped with a device for geolocation, ensuring that the container is closed and for temperature control. The transportation of the statue is financed by the French shipping company CMEM.

The voyage began in Le Havre on June 19-21 aboard the ship Tosca.

The statue will first be unveiled in New York, where it will be displayed on Ellis Island for the American national holiday on July 4, not far from Liberty Island, where the Statue of Liberty is located. The trip will end with the unveiling of the sister-in-law monument in the garden of the residence of the French ambassador to the United States in Washington on July 14 on the occasion of the French national holiday.

The larger version of the Statue of Liberty was donated to the United States by France. It was completed in 1886. The new one is 16 times smaller than the original. Also designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi in 1878, “The Statue of Liberty is precious to all Americans, and especially to me as a child of immigrants and a child of New York, growing up looking at her face as part of welcoming newcomers to the United States. so once we open up after Kovid, it’s great that Lady Liberty will be one of the passengers to the United States, “said Liam Wesley of the US Embassy in France.

The statue will symbolize Franco-American friendship and will arrive in America 135 years after the original was unveiled in New York. She is already on her way to her final destination.

The Religion & Peace Academy
The Religion & Peace Academy

The Religion and Peace Academy distils leading Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) research into easily digestible lessons, grounded in the Institutes data-based peace and conflict research methodology. 

The course explores the important connections between religions and peace, highlighting how robust inter-faith cooperation aids conflict resolution and enhances global peacefulness.

What will participants learn?

  • Develop a comprehensive understanding of peace and its implications for humanity.
  • Appreciation of the role of interreligious cooperation as a platform for promoting and maintaining peace.
  • Navigate the complex landscape of peace and conflict studies with an understanding of systems theory and positive and negative peace.
  • Make decisions informed by leading IEP research on economics, religion, conflict and peace.
  • Understand how ecological threats and COVID-19 may impact levels of global peacefulness.
  • Acquire the knowledge necessary to take the first steps in becoming an effective peacebuilder in your community and country — equipped with a plethora links to IEP research and further peacebuilding opportunities.

Program Benefits

Created by the Institute for Economics & Peace, the leading think tank that publishes the annual Global Peace Index, the IEP Ambassador program provides an opportunity for individuals – those with extensive experience in peace as well as those who are newer to the field – to gain concrete knowledge and resources to help foster peace in their communities. This includes an in-depth understanding of IEP’s research and methodology, as well as a concrete understanding of how to communicate peace research.

As an IEP Ambassador, you will connect with peacemakers and other professionals around the world, expand your skills in the areas of peace research, and learn about investing in the factors that build peace. Through this program, you will become part of an international network of leaders who are creating a paradigm shift in the way the world interacts with and understands peace.

Structure, Format and Requirements

The commitment for this program involves participating in three online webinars about IEP’s research, which represents some of the most comprehensive, data-driven analyses within the field of peace and conflict prevention / resolution to-date. Ambassadors are then required to put their knowledge to use by organising a presentation or creative project for their network or community – including but not limited to hosting a workshop, creating a short video, or writing a blog post or op-ed.

Ambassadors also have access to an exclusive online platform where they can interact with each other and access relevant resources. IEP provides template materials for these presentations and is available to troubleshoot and answer questions as you undertake your project. IEP grants a certification after completion of the webinars and presentation/project.

Source: http://ambassadors.economicsandpeace.org/

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Our best wishes for a safe & productive 2021. Get more from IEP by downloading our peace, economics and conflict research, taking our Positive Peace Academy or becoming an IEP Ambassador

Business and Peace Peace Report –  2021

The 2021 Business and Peace Report analyses the relationship between the economic performance of a country and its levels of peace. The major finding is that peace acts as a reliable predictor of a country’s future performance for a number of macro-economic indicators. These insights can be used to better assess the investment potential of countries. This research can help the design of financial investment products that are likely to yield higher returns, produce more comprehensive country assessments for companies who are deciding where to invest and determine better future ESG outcomes.
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Psychology of optimism
Psychology of optimism

The Forgotten Holocaust of Gypsies

At the beginning of the third millennium, in the 21st century, we could not say that Gypsies in Europe live more comfortably and feel more comfortable. However, based on the optimism typical of the psychology of the Roma ethnic group, we should not deny the number of successes achieved by the EU Member States, supported by the non-governmental sector and civil society.

This philosophy of joy is the most important heritage and treasure of the Gypsies, this national trait can become a major contribution to their integration and full inclusion in society. This is also what the widespread crisis over the situation applied by the governments of some European Union member states to the illegally staying Roma.

It is time to increase the sensitivity to the problems of this ethnic community in society, by promoting and emphasizing their specific features, customs, arts and crafts, as well as recalling difficult moments for this ethnic group in world history.

It would be appropriate to recall the period of World War II with the issuance of the most anti-Gypsy (as well as the most anti-Jewish) laws and persecutions. In 1935, two anti-Gypsy laws were passed in Germany, supplementing the racist laws of 1933 to preserve the purity of the German race. They deprived Gypsies of their civil rights and forbade the marriage of Germans to Jews or Gypsies. This is the infamous “Law for the Preservation of German Blood”. However, the National Socialists did not rely solely on legislation, and in 1937 the castration of Gypsies began. Nazi propaganda proudly notes that 99% of Gypsy boys under the age of 14 have been castrated. In 1938, another anti-Gypsy law was passed, in which a special section was devoted to the “Gypsy threat.” The police were obliged to categorize all gypsies and semi-gypsies from the age of six onwards and to catechize them, which made it much easier for them to be sent to concentration camps later. An amendment to the same law of 1943 de facto and de jure deprived German survivors of German citizenship, on the pretext that they would most likely leave the German Reich after the war. In 1939, 30,000 gypsies were gathered to settle in Poland. These were almost all Roma living in the Third Reich. Only 3,000 Germans left for Poland and approx. 6,000 Austrian gypsies and another 3,000 Austrian gypsies were imprisoned in concentration camps, such as the gypsy camp Laskendbach, whose recruitment began in 1940. In less than two years, between the winter of 1943 and the summer of 1944, 22,258 Gypsies were deported to the Birkenau camp. Large groups of this ethnic group have also been exterminated in Buchenwald and Dachau. They were the preferred material for scientific experiments with poisonous gases and medical experiments. The same was done with the gypsies in Italy, and the most famous specialized concentration camp for them was on the island of Sardinia. More than two-thirds of the Polish Gypsies were exterminated, and the total number before the war was about 35,000. Statistics, accurate in German, show suffocation in the gas chambers of more than a thousand gypsies a day in 1943-44. On September 28, 1944, 800 gypsies alone were killed, including 105 boys between the ages of 9 and 14.

However, the Gypsies – these preachers of optimism – never stopped believing in the future, in life, and even in those monstrous conditions they continued to give birth to children – in 1943 alone in the Birkenau camp 361 gypsies were born, sucked with breast milk and the cruel lesson of history. Authors such as Yonel Rotaru estimate that about 3.5 million people died in the genocide against gypsies during World War II. The numbers are staggering, but let them remind us of the tragedy of the Gypsies, who today are for the most part European citizens but are still considered by some to be the “white negroes of Europe“.

Only Bulgaria (incl. Nazi Germany-allied government of Tsar Boris III and prime minister Bogdan Filov) testified to the strength of civil society and during the Second World War saved from deportation and annihilation in fascist concentration camps, in addition to its subjects of Jewish origin. 48,000) and their Gypsies (ca. 147,000) regardless of whether they profess Islam or Orthodox Christianity, and in both ethnic minorities at the end of the war the statistics showed an increase, instead of a decrease and annihilation, as in other European countries.

Why Kim Jong Un is at war with North Korean jargon, jeans and foreign films
Why Kim Jong Un is at war with North Korean jargon, jeans and foreign films

North Korea has recently passed an extensive new law that seeks to eliminate all forms of foreign influence – severely punishing anyone caught in foreign films, clothing or even using jargon. But why does he do that, he asks in his BBC article.

Yun Mi-so says she was 11 when she first saw a man executed for being caught in a South Korean drama.

His entire neighborhood was ordered to watch.

“If you don’t, it will be classified as treason,” she told the BBC from her home in Seoul.

North Korean border guards have made sure that everyone knows that the penalty for smuggling illegal videos is death.

“I have a strong memory of the man blindfolded, I can still see his tears flowing. It was traumatic for me. The blindfold was completely drenched in his tears. They put him on a stake and tied him up, then shot him.” , specified Yun Mi-so.

Imagine being in a constant state of lockdown without the Internet, social networks, and just a few state-controlled television stations trying to tell you what the country’s leaders want you to hear – this is life in North Korea.

And now its leader, Kim Jong Un, is stepping up repression with a new comprehensive law against what the regime describes as “reactionary thought.”

Anyone caught with large amounts of media content from South Korea, the United States or Japan is now facing the death penalty. Those caught watching them face up to 15 years in prison.

And it’s not just about what people are watching.

Kim recently wrote a letter in the state media calling on the country’s Youth League to take drastic measures against “nasty, individualistic, anti-socialist behavior” among young people. He wants to stop foreign language, hairstyles and clothes, which he described as “dangerous poisons”.

Daily NK, an online publication in Seoul with sources in North Korea, reports that three teenagers were sent to a re-education camp because they cut their hair like idols from modern Korean popular music and folded their pants over their ankles.

All this is because Kim is at war, which does not involve nuclear weapons or missiles.

Analysts say he is trying to stop foreign information from reaching people in North Korea as life in the country becomes increasingly difficult.

It is estimated that millions of people are starving. Kim wants to ensure that they still feed on the state’s carefully crafted propaganda, instead of getting a glimpse of life in the glittering South Korean drama set in Seoul, one of Asia’s richest cities.

The country has been cut off from the outside world more than ever since it sealed its border last year in response to the pandemic. Vital supplies and trade from neighboring China have almost stopped. Although some deliveries are beginning to pass, imports are still limited.

This self-imposed isolation has exacerbated an already failing economy where money flows into the regime’s nuclear ambitions. Earlier this year, Kim himself acknowledged that his people were facing “the worst situation we need to overcome.”

Daily NK were the first to obtain a copy of the law.

“It states that if a worker is caught, the factory manager can be punished, and if a child is problematic, the parents can also be punished. The mutual monitoring system promoted by the North Korean regime is aggressively reflected in this law,” he said. Daily NK editor-in-chief Lee San-yon told the BBC.

He says it aims to “shatter” any dreams or charms the younger generation may have about South Korea.

“In other words, the regime has come to the conclusion that a sense of resistance can be formed if cultures from other countries are introduced,” he added.

Choi Chen-hoon, one of the few deserters to escape the country in the past year, told the BBC that “the harder the times, the harsher the regulations, the laws, the penalties.”

“Psychologically, when your stomach is full and you watch a South Korean movie, it can be for relaxation. But when there is no food and it is difficult to live, people become dissatisfied,” said the fugitive.

Previous repression has only demonstrated how resourceful people have been in hand-to-hand broadcasts and watching foreign films, which are usually smuggled across the Chinese border.

For several years, dramas have been spent on USB sticks, which are now “common as stones,” according to Choi. They are easy to hide and are also encrypted with a password.

“If you enter the wrong password three times in a row, USB deletes its contents. You can even set it so that it happens after an incorrect password entry if the content is extremely sensitive. There are also many cases where the USB is set up so that it can only be viewed once on a specific computer, so you can’t plug it into another device or give it to someone else. Only you can see it. So even if you want to distribute it, don’t you can, ”adds Choi.

Mi-so remembers how her neighborhood went to extreme lengths to watch movies.

She states that they once borrowed a car battery and plugged it into a generator to get enough electricity to power the TV. She remembers watching a South Korean drama called The Ladder to Paradise.

This epic love story about a girl battling first her stepmother and then cancer seems to have been popular in North Korea about 20 years ago.

Choi says this is also when the fascination with foreign media has really increased – aided by cheap CDs and DVDs from China.

But then the Pyongyang regime began to notice. Choi recalls that state security raided a university around 2002 and found more than 20,000 CDs.

“It was just one university. Can you imagine how many there were in the whole country? The government was shocked. That’s when the punishment became harsher,” he said.

Kim Gum-hok says he was only 16 in 2009 when he was caught by security guards from a special unit set up to catch and arrest anyone who shared illegal videos.

He gave a friend several DVDs of South Korean pop music that his father had smuggled in from China.

He was treated like an adult and taken to a secret interrogation room, where guards refused to let him sleep. He says he was hit and kicked repeatedly for four days.

“I was horrified,” he told the BBC in Seoul, where he currently lives, adding: “I thought my world was over. They wanted to know how I got this video and how many people I showed it to. I couldn’t say. that my father brought these DVDs from China. What can I say? It was my father. I didn’t say anything, I just said “I don’t know, I don’t know, please let me go.”

Gum-hok is from one of Pyongyang’s elite families, and his father eventually bribed the guards to free him. Something that would be almost impossible under Kim’s new law.

Many of those arrested for similar crimes at the time were sent to labor camps. But this did not prove to be a sufficient deterrent, so the sentences increased.

“Initially, the sentence was about a year in a labor camp – this changed to more than three years in a labor camp. Now, if you go to labor camps, more than 50% of young people are there because they have watched foreign media content,” he said. Choi adds: “If someone watches two hours of illegal material, it would be three years in a labor camp. It’s a big problem.”

A number of sources have revealed to the BBC that the size of some of North Korea’s prison camps has increased in the last year, and Choi believes the harsh new laws are having an effect.

“Watching a movie is a luxury. You have to eat first before you even think about watching a movie. When times are hard to even eat, sending even a family member to a labor camp can be devastating. We had to risk so much a lot of watching these dramas. But no one can beat our curiosity. We wanted to find out what was going on in the outside world, “says Gum-hock.

For Gum-hawk to finally learn the truth about his country changed his life. He is one of the few privileged North Koreans allowed to study in Beijing, where he discovered the Internet.

“At first I couldn’t believe it (the descriptions of North Korea). I thought Western people were lying. Wikipedia is lying, how can I believe that? But my heart and brain were divided. So I watched a lot of documentaries about North Korea. “I read a lot of articles. And then I realized that they were probably true, because what they were saying made sense. Once I realized that there was a transition in my brain, it was too late, I couldn’t go back,” Gum said. hök.

Gum-hoek eventually fled to Seoul.

Mi-so lives his dreams as a fashion consultant. The first thing she did in her new homeland was to visit all the places she saw in the Ladder to Paradise.

But stories like theirs are becoming rarer than ever.

Leaving the country has become almost impossible with the current “shoot to kill” order at the tightly controlled border. And it’s hard not to expect Kim’s new law to have a more chilling effect.

Choi, who had to abandon his family in North Korea, believes watching one or two dramas will not undo decades of ideological control. But he believes North Koreans suspect that state propaganda is not true.

“The North Korean people have a seed of discontent in their hearts, but they don’t know what their discontent is about,” he said.

“This is discontent without direction. My heart is broken that they cannot understand even when I tell them. There is a need for someone to wake them up, to enlighten them,” said the Korean, who had fled the slave communist regime.

On this day, slavery was abolished in the United States
On this day, slavery was abolished in the United States

In 1862 the US Congress abolishes slavery in the country. At the heart of the removal was President Abraham Lincoln, who was later assassinated precisely because of the law. In 1865 a final amendment was made to the constitution that abolished slavery in the United States.

At the Constitutional Convention in 1787, delegates fiercely debated the issue of slavery. They ultimately agreed that the United States would potentially cease importation of slaves in 1808. An act of Congress passed in 1800 made it illegal for Americans to engage in the slave trade between nations, and gave U.S. authorities the right to seize slave ships which were caught transporting slaves and confiscate their cargo. Then the “Act Prohibiting the Importation of Slaves” took effect in 1808. However, a domestic or “coastwise” trade in slaves persisted between ports within the United States, as demonstrated by slave manifests and court records.

Due to Union measures such as the Confiscation Acts and the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, the war effectively ended slavery in most places. Following the Union victory, the institution was banned in the whole territory of the United States upon the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment in December 1865.

Even though Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, slaves were still being bought and sold in the south. Multiple bills of sale for slaves in Georgia were recovered when the U.S. Navy intercepted the southern ship Mary during the Civil War and claimed both the ship and its contents as a prize.

These receipts were confiscated from the Mary when it was captured. They belong to Captain George A. Johnson. One is in the amount of $4,300 for the purchase of an enslaved woman named Jane, aged 18 years old. The other is in the amount of $7,500 for the purchase of a woman named Susannah and two children.

Photo: Receipt for the Purchase of an Enslaved Woman Named Jane

This primary source comes from the Records of District Courts of the United States. National Archives Identifier: 5722335.

Full Citation: Captain George A. Johnson’s Receipt for Purchase of Slave; 10/6/1864; A18-523; United States vs. Mary; Civil War Prize Case Files, 1861 – 1865; Records of District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21; National Archives at New York, New York, NY. [Online Version, https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/receipt-jane, June 19, 2021]

In China, unmarried women over the age of 27 have come up with an offensive name
In China, unmarried women over the age of 27 have come up with an offensive name

The Chinese government has taken drastic measures. Now women who are not married before the age of 27 are officially considered a stale commodity and are called “leftover”.

Most of China’s female population is extremely upset that women who did not marry before the age of 30 are now stigmatized and considered white crows in society, reports Raut.

The Communist government has ordered members of the All-China Women’s Feminist Federation to use a derogatory term in published articles about a growing number of educated, professional, ambitious, but single women aged 27-30 who have “failed” to find a suitable husband. They are now declared non-grata.

The government went even further and published an article entitled “Women-eaters (remnants) do not deserve our sympathy.”

The derogatory name was picked up by the state media and spread across the country, causing outrage among millions of ambitious young and educated women who claim to be dumped, although the problem is not their unwillingness to marry, but simply the lack of worthy candidates for husbands.

By doing so, the government intends to counter the growing gender imbalance among the 1.3 billion population. The fact is that 118 boys per 100 girls are born in China.

When June Ding goes on a date, she tries to look as modest as possible. In no case do not wear a short top, do not decorate the neck with a necklace, do not wear a neckline. Her choice is a closed sweater and scarf. A man speaks during a date. June’s role is to listen carefully, show maximum interest and gently stroke the man’s ego every minute of conversation.

27-year-old June such dates are not easy. She is by no means a chamomile girl: a cheerful, sociable, sharp-tongued graduate of one of the best schools in her city, who later graduated from Yale University and worked as a lawyer in New York. Like many of her fellow citizens, June felt homesick and returned to her home country, to her parents. Now they are trying hard to help their daughter fulfill her main purpose – to get married.

“Don’t laugh out loud!” June’s mother warns. One of her main tips is to restrain any expressions of pleasure and fun in the presence of a Chinese gentleman. Father June, a university professor, suggests replacing laughter with Mona Lisa’s restrained smile.

Only the word “wife” and its derivatives have a more ancient root. And let’s take Latin, there we will find: “genere” (to give birth), “genetivus” (genitive case), “genus” (genus) … Or in Greek: “gyne” (woman), “gynaikaion” (gynecology, female) half of the house) … And if a woman refuses to give birth, then who is she? By definition, which is contained in the word itself, denoting it – “giving birth” – is no longer a woman. But he’s not a man! .. Then who ?! “

“Ambitious single women are not worthy of our sympathy.” – The government says. This whole situation is rather strange. Recently, China has been concerned about overpopulation, and now, instead of encouraging such girls, they are openly oppressed.

“Marriage and  raising children are the main reasons for the unfair treatment of women in the job market,” said Guo Sheng, CEO of Zhaopin.

“The stereotype is that women shoulder more duties in a family, such as doing chores and raising children, which distracts them from their jobs and hurts their chances for promotion as a result of unsatisfying work performance. It’s just unfair,” he said.

The Zhaopin report surveyed 86,510 people across the nation.

Another report focusing on the situation of Chinese women in the workforce by Linkedln, an employment-oriented website based in Sunnyvale, California, shows that one-third of the surveyed Chinese women registered with the site changed jobs or chose to freelance after having a baby, and 46 percent said they either turned down job offers or failed to get a job because of pregnancy.

The LinkedIn report covered 1,100 Chinese women who gave birth within the past two years.

Luo Ying, a 30-year-old mother who quit her job after becoming pregnant, said, “I worked for a private company before resigning. I could sense that my boss was unhappy when I told him I was going to have a baby, but he didn’t say anything. When he assigned me to a project requiring a two-week business trip, I quit. My baby is much more important.”

Liang Jianzhang, a professor at Peking University’s Guanghua School of Management, said, “Childcare services should be accessible to more women workers to help them return to work. Also, companies are encouraged to employ more flexible work schedules for workers, especially women workers who have just delivered their babies and are still breastfeeding.”

The gender gap, however, does not exist only in China, but is a universal problem that remains to be tackled, according to a report for 2018 released by the World Economic Forum.

The report shows that, globally, women’s salaries were only half those of men in 2018, and female employees occupied only one-third of management posts. Worldwide, the report says, achieving equal work for equal pay would take as long as 202 years to achieve given the current rate of progress.

Inclusive Education for Migrants and Refugees – Side event on the margins of the 47th Session of the Human Rights Council
Inclusive Education for Migrants and Refugees – Side event on the margins of the 47th Session of the Human Rights Council

The event will be held online on Thursday, 24 June 2021 at 13:00 CET, and it is being co-organized by Arigatou International Geneva, the Geneva Global Hub for Education in Emergencies, and KAICIID Dialogue Centre.

Increasing conflicts, political and financial crises have led to insecurity and hardship in many people’s lives, resulting in increasing numbers of migrants and refugees and intensifying challenges in many societies. The panel discussion aims to reflect on the importance of national education policies and programs that can support inclusive education for migrants and refugees, particularly as access to social services have been halted and discrimination has been exacerbated during the pandemic.  

Description: Increasing conflicts, political and financial crisis have led to insecurity and hardship in many people’s lives, resulting in increasing numbers of migrants and refugees and intensifying challenges in many societies. The COVID-19 has exacerbated tensions between migrant, refugee and host communities. Hate speech, stigmatization, incitement to discrimination and xenophobia have increased during the pandemic, building on an existing and generalized culture of mistrust in societies.

The pandemic has largely disrupted access to quality education, particularly for children who are displaced, migrants and refugees. An urgent response is needed to provide these children with the right to education and make sure that they are not left behind. A continuous effort to promote inclusive education in emergencies context where there is a limited access to basic services is critical to ensure access and quality education for all.


1. Reflect on the challenges and opportunities to support the implementation of educational policies and programs that foster inclusive education as a central response to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic

2. Identify good practices of how education can foster learning to live together in societies, in particular amidst increasing distrust, xenophobia and discrimination affecting migrants and refugees

3. Share successful policies and programs to support quality and inclusive education for migrants and refugees.

Panelists will share good practices in education to contribute to building forward better to prevent further discrimination and rupture of the social fabric as well as helping to create new narratives of solidarity in societies. 

Dr. Angeliki Aroni, Head, Unit for Integration and Support, Special Secretariat for the Protection of Unaccompanied Minors, Ministry of Migration and Asylum, Greece

Ms. Ann Therese Ndong-Jatta,  Director, UNESCO Regional Office for Eastern Africa

Ms. Afshan Khan, UNICEF Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia, andSpecial Coordinator, Refugee and Migrant Response in Europe

Mr. Javed Natiq, Education Sector Lead,
World Vision Afghanistan 

Ms. Maria Lucia Uribe, Executive Director,
Arigatou International Geneva

Prof. Mohammed Abu-Nimer, Senior Adviser, KAICIID Dialogue Center 

Dr. Fadi Yarak (TBC), Director-General of Education, Ministry of Education & Higher Education, Lebanon 

Dr. Rebecca Telford, Chief of Education, UNHCR 

Dozens of Macedonians once again lined up for Bulgarian passports
Dozens of Macedonians once again lined up for Bulgarian passports

Mineral water and books by authors such as Simeon Radev and the Miladinovi brothers were distributed by Viktor Stoyanov from the Macedonia Foundation to those waiting in front of the Bulgarian Citizenship Directorate in Sofia, Trud newspaper reported.

The queue of applicants to submit documents curled up again in front of the service of the Ministry of Justice on Aksakov Street, as due to covid restrictions the institution did not accept documents of applicants for a long time.

Most of the people in the queue are citizens of the Republic of Northern Macedonia, who with authentic documents certify that they are of Bulgarian origin and wish to obtain our passport and citizenship.

Vasil Garvanliev who represented Northern Macedonia received over 400 threats because of the Bulgarian flag in his song for “Eurovision”.

Vasil Garvanliev stirred the spirits in his homeland after the Bulgarian flag appeared in his video for Eurovision, Nova TV reports.

The situation became even more heated when he admitted his Bulgarian roots and dual citizenship. And yet he proudly calls Northern Macedonia his homeland and never hides where he came from.

“For me, the most important thing is the music. I sing for the people. I didn’t expect it to be a problem that the Bulgarian flag is present in my video,” Garvanliev said.

He shared that he has been involved in music since he was a child.

The singer revealed that he has received over 400 threats due to the appearance of the Bulgarian flag in his song.

The US State Department accused three more Bulgarians of corruption
The US State Department accused three more Bulgarians of corruption

The US State Department has accused three other Bulgarians of corruption after announcing sanctions against Vasil Bozhkov, Delyan Peevski and Ilko Zhelyazkov. Former Deputy Minister of Economy Alexander Manolev and former Chairman and Secretary of the State Agency for Bulgarians Abroad Petar Haralampiev and Krassimir Tomov have also been identified as linked to corruption. Haralampiev and Tomov were charged in Bulgaria for allegedly selling Bulgarian passports.

“Today we are publicly announcing the names of former Bulgarian officials Alexander Manolev, Petar Haralampiev, Krassimir Tomov and Delyan Slavchev Peevski, as well as the current Bulgarian official Ilko Dimitrov Zhelyazkov in connection with their involvement in serious corruption,” the state said in a statement. US Department of State, distributed by the US Embassy in Bulgaria.

In their official capacity as Deputy Minister of Economy, Chairman of the State Agency for Bulgarians Abroad and Secretary General of the State Agency for Bulgarians Abroad, respectively, Manolev, Haralampiev and Tomov participated in corrupt activities that undermined the rule of law and the credibility of Bulgarian society in their democratic state institutions and social processes, including using its political influence and official powers for personal gain, the statement said. It says that as a Member of Parliament, Peevski used Zhelyazkov, an employee of the National Bureau for the Control of Special Intelligence Means, as an intermediary and accomplice in the trade in influence and bribery in order to protect from public control and influence on key institutions and sectors in Bulgarian society.

The US Treasury Department also sanctioned Peevski, Zhelyazkov and Bulgarian oligarch Vasil Bozhkov, along with 64 organizations owned or controlled by Bozhkov and Peevski, for their role in public corruption under Decree 13818, which builds on and complements the Magnitsky Global Law for accountability for human rights violations, the statement said.

This announcement is made pursuant to Article 7031 (c) of the Law on the State Department, Foreign Activities and Related Program Budget Funds for 2021. In addition to Manolev, Haralampiev, Tomov, Zhelyazkov and Peevski, the names of Manolev’s wife have also been made public. – Nadia Manoleva and his children Alexa, Yoanna and Dimitar; Haralampiev’s wife and son – Veselka Haralampieva and Pavel Haralampiev, Peevski’s minor son and daughter and Zhelyazkov’s daughters – Vanya Ilkova Zhelyazkova and Roza Ilkova Zhelyazkova. This announcement makes it inadmissible for Manolev, Haralampiev, Tomov, Zhelyazkov and Peevski, as well as the closest members of their families, to enter the United States.

Today’s act reaffirms our commitment to supporting the rule of law and strengthening democratic institutions in Bulgaria, the statement said. It states that the United States supports all Bulgarians working for the progress of reforms, and the State Department will use its powers to promote accountability for corrupt individuals in the region and globally.

Hero Mustafa after the sanctions for corruption: No one is above the law!

 Оur focus is on corruption. This was said by the American ambassador Hero Mustafa, who met last night with Bulgarian journalists after the decision of the USA to impose sanctions against Vasil Bozhkov and Delyan Peevski.

The meeting was also attended by Paul Ahern, a senior official in the Treasury Department in Washington. He explained that the case was not a matter of US political action, although it was a month and a half before the parliamentary elections. “This is not a political action. There was no way of knowing that there would be an election in July when we launched this investigation. When we gathered the evidence, we knew we had to act the moment we finished work,” Ahern said.

Before the information was made public, the US ambassador met with many people in Sofia – ambassadors from US allies, the Bulgarian president, government officials, leaders of various parties, including Boyko Borissov, and civil society activists. “We have not met with Chief Prosecutor Geshev. It is not on our agenda yet,” the US ambassador said.

Asked whether the United States was ready to provide all available information to the Bulgarian prosecutor’s office, Ahern said the institution would only have access to the official statement.

“They can see what we say about these people. In terms of bilateral cooperation, we will be happy to work with foreign jurisdictions as much as we can,” the American explained. He said the study used all sources of information – open data, journalistic publications, data from foreign partners and information from US institutions.

“I want to emphasize what we have done so far. (On our list) We have a judge, a former government official, an oligarch, a politician, a businessman… When we have corruption at all these levels, we are not the ones who will bring about change. This is you. This is you. it is up to you as a country to deal with it. We are your partner, friend and ally, “the ambassador said.

Asked by Mediapool what signal the United States was sending to Bulgaria’s political elite, Ambassador Mustafa explained: “We hear from everyone how important the fight against corruption is in Bulgaria. It is not aimed at a specific person, party or institution. Corruption is endemic. There is also corruption in the United States. I have never said that we are perfect, but the message is that no one is above the law. The pursuit of corruption is a task for all parties. If the people say that they want Bulgaria to have a viable democracy with a thriving economy and to be a leader in the region, this cannot happen with corruption. The money involved in this case is significant. They come from taxpayers. From you. The message to every politician is to listen to the people. Make all the necessary reforms so that corruption can really be prosecuted. “

It is not yet clear what assets will be frozen in the United States. Paul Ahern has repeatedly refused to answer the question of how long the study took before the US government made that decision. “We will invite all jurisdictions that have such laws to join us in these actions,” Ahern said, adding: “These sanctions are designed to change behavior. Anyone who does not want to be hit by these sanctions. “Anyone who deals with these companies or people is at risk of being sanctioned,” Ahern said.

As for me, the Bulgarian, let me paraphrase … Reading these messages for a change towards a living democracy … I feel the shameful feeling of envy. Yes, I envy the whole American people and every American individually.